Display of monitor.

So, in this article, I am about explain your three panels - IPS, TN, and VA. All of them have their own pros and cons. No one is for universal use. Hence, if one panel is fit for professional gamers then it may not be okay for photo editors and designers.

Article Content:

  1. TN Panel (Twisted Nematic)
  2. IPS Panel (In-Plane Switching)
  3. VA Panel (Vertical Alignment)

TN Panel (Twisted Nematic)

At very first, the TN panel monitor was introduced which has replaced the CRT (Cathode-Ray tube) monitors. Because, TN monitors were giving good quality in a very less space.

But, this kind of panel has also a noticeable drawbacks.

  1. Viewing angles on vertical axis.
  2. Mostly inverted colours on extreme angle (more than 140 degrees).
  3. Not up to the mark screen colour reproduction.
  4. Unable to display 24-bit colour image.
  5. They need to depend on the interpolation to stimulate the correct shades that makes a visible banding of colours.

But, the good side of TN panels consist of the following things.

  1. They display wide colour gamut
  2. Full SRGB colour spectrum
  3. High refresh rate and low response-time
  4. Cheaper to buy

So, TN monitors are not for programmers, designers, and non-competitive gamers. It's for students, office works, and competitive gaming.

IPS Panel (In-Plane Switching)

IPS panel is known by many other names also. The terms IPS is coined by LG. But, Samsung calls it Plane-to-line Switching (PLS). If you look at AU Optronics, they call it Advanced Hyper Viewing Angles (AHVA).

All are referring to the same panel. So, don't be confused with it. The IPS panel is the most common term used widely by online e-Commerce stores like Amazon, Flipkart, Best Buy, and many more.

IPS panel is developed to meet the two following drawbacks of TN panel.

  • Poor color reproduction
  • Limited viewing angles (140-degree)
  • Vertical display

So, it has done. In IPS panel monitor, you can get a good colour reproduction capability and also a wide viewing angles (178-degree which is wide). You can measure the colour gamut using Spyder 5 PRO.

It's a good that IPS panel produces the most accurate black colour but such monitors also have a very high response time and that's not good. Although, recent IPS monitors by Asus, LG and other brands come with very low response-time. But, they are costly too.

In addition, programmers can use it without worrying. Furthermore, you will some kind of IPS glow when trying to see the picture from very sides. That's common but only when you look from very sides.

It's also a point to note that all IPS monitors are not as cheap as TN panel. But, if you look for one with 4ms response-time then you will get it.

The one more downside is that this monitors don't have higher contrast ratio. That's the limitation of this panels. And, that's why VA panels are in the market.

See the picture below which shows how the color changes with changes in viewing angles between IPS (left) and TN (right) panel.

Difference between IPS and TN panel when viewing angles are changed.

VA Panel (Vertical Alignment)

VA panel is in the middle of IPS and TN panels. It is slow in terms of response but has very high screen contrast ratio. Mostly IPS panels comes with on average 1000:1 contrast ratio but this one comes with on average 4000:1.

That's too big for gamers. Although, In my opinion, competitive gamers should avoid it as its latency is low.

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